Tag Archives: roofing

Habitat Tutorial – Part 4 Roofing

This is the fourth part of a multi-part outline of what is involved in buildings a Habitat house.  This article covers the steps in installing roofing – felt and shingles and a few other roof line details such as building a “bird box”, installing the drip edge and vents.   The first part is Habitat Tutorial – Prepration for Build which covers some of the pre-build steps the Site Project Manger (SPM) and selected volunteers  go though just to get ready for the volunteers, the second is Habitat Tutorial – Part 2 which covers the first day where the walls go up and the third is Habitat Tutoial – Part 3 which covers raising the roof structure.    In addition, there are four sets of pictures with slide shows that have already been published that you may be interested in as they concentrate on people on the job site – volunteers.   The first is Habitat for Humanity – 2008 Dinner on the Slab consisting of 25 pictures including our future homeowner Nicole Combs and her son Elijah.  The second includes 115 pictures of the first day of the build – Habitat Build 2008 – First Day – Walls Go UP .  The third is: Habitat Build 2008 Second Day – Roof Goes On which has pictures and blog on the installation of the roof trusses and decking the roof.   The fourth is Habitat Build 2008 – roofing and siding.   If you want access to any of the tutorial pictures they are all in one place for all the tutorials to date.   Tutorial Slide Show – 146 pictures so far, including many not in this article.

Note: If you came here looking for the homeless veterans site, this is it!   If you came here looking for the homeless youth site, this is it!.   I’m just taking a break to help out on a Habitat House and once a year I post what I saw, experienced and learned.  Click on either of the two links in this paragraph or go to the side bar and select a category or search for what you want.  Also look above the banner or to the right for popular articles on Homeless Veterans.

Tutorial – installing roofing shingles

Roof Ready For Shingles

Roof Ready For Shingles

This is the way Habitat volunteers see the house when they arrive on the scene on roofing day.  Soon the roof will be covered front and back with volunteers.  It is essential that the roofing be done early in the day and that there is plenty of water available.  The felt and starter shingles are already in place.


 We need to start this tutorial a little earlier than that.

Drip Edge Installation

Drip Edge Installation

This drawing illustrates drip edge installation.  The drip edge must be installed in the order shown.  The drip edge is a metal extrusion that goes along the horizontal edge (eave) of the roof under the roofing felt and along the sloping edge (rake) of the roof above the felt.   Install the drip edge for the eave before the roofing felt is installed.  Install the drip edge for the rake after the roofing felt is installed.   Attach the edge using 7/8 ” roofing nails on 24″ centers.  Unlike shown in the drawing, the rake edge goes all the way down and overlaps the eave edge.   Trim the rake edge to match the eave using tin snips.   When two pieces of drip edge meet in a joint, overlap the joint by 1 to 2 inches by trimming the top of one as needed to allow them to overlap.   Joints on the rake drip edge should should have the upper one overlapping the lower one.

Also shown in this illustration is something called the “bird box”.  

Click here for the rest of this tutorial:

Continue reading

Habitat Build 2008 Third Day – Roofing and Siding

Saturday, May 31 was the third day of the Presbyterian Coalition, Cobb Habitat for Humanity build in 2008.  This is the seventh  article in this series, the first covering the Traditional Dinner on the Slab which includes a slide show of 25 pictures and introduces the future homeowner, Nicole Combs and her son Elijah.   The second article is the beginning of a tutorial “ Habitat Tutorial, Preparation for Build“ which covers some of the intense preparation that goes on behind the scenes before the volunteers show up.   The third article covers the actual first day of build: Habitat Build 2008 First Day – Walls Go Up .  The fourth article is the second part of the tutorial, Habitat Tutorial – Part 2 .  Look to the right hand column of this page and find Oldtimer’s recent posts for the rest of them or to put them in order for reading.

For those of you looking for the homeless veterans or homeless youth, this is also it. Click on one the links above the banner or on either of the two links in this paragraph, or maybe check out the right sidebar.

This article covers the installation of the roof shingles, Hardi Plank siding, and various other 3d day activities.   From any slide show you can access various sizes of the prints for free download (instructions further down – “Getting Copies”).

Link to slide show – 170 pictures Click on picture or here

Link to a collection of all Habitat pictures (2007 and 2008) organized one set per day!

Getting Copies

The pictures shown here and in the slide show do not have the resolution you can get if you download them from the Flickr site.   If you are viewing a slide show containing the picture you want, click on the link at the top left of the slide show to get to the full set at high resolution, or click on any picture in the slide show and then click on “View Main Page”.    If you are looking at the mosaic of of a set for a particular day, you can click on the picture you want.    Once there, you can click on the button above the picture “All Sizes”.   It will open in the large size, but you can download any picture in any size free, or can order prints through the site that will be delivered in about an hour to your nearest Target store.  It’s not obvious how to get to the Target option. First put a print in your shopping cart.  When ready for checkout, you can send your prints to Target for printing for about 15 cents per copy or have them mailed to your home. 

In addition, you can go to “Zassle” and have T-shirts, coffee mugs etc. made with your favorite print.  Enjoy.  Below are selected prints but only a small sample of what is available for free download.

The Third Day

It’s amazing what has been accomplished in the first two days!   Not only are the walls up, but the walls are all up, the roof is decked and dried in, the exterior walls are covered with OSB, the windows are in all in and all but one door has been installed.   Today the plan is to put the shingles on and get a good start on the siding.  

The day, as always, starts with an orientation for new volunteers, a pep talk, then a safety talk and an introduction of the homeowner by our SPM (Site Project Manager), Jeff Vanderlip.   If you peek through the tent above the person in the white tee-shirt, that is Jeff in the orange tee-shirt and floppy hat facing us.  You can see that a couple of workers are already on the roof even before the rest of us get started.  They are laying “starter” courses for us to work from.   More about starter courses later.

Nicole Combs is the future homeowner and also in the picture.   To the left of the tent is a man with a purple cap.  Nicole is on the far side of the picture just to the right of him.  She is also in the top picture right in front of the wheelbarrow (yellow shirt).  

And this is Elijah.  He is the son of of our future homeowner.  He has a keen interest in what is going on as he will be living here, but he is too young to work on the site.  When around, he is confined to the food tent or visiting inside after the work is done and helping clean up the property or just playing nearby.  A great kid.


This is essentually the way we found the roof this morning.  The starter edge courses are alrady in place and the bundles of shingles are on the peak of the roof.   The shingles you see along the edges were put there by the Gray Ghosts that I’ve mentioned a number of times in my earlier posts.    

The two people on the roof are putting on starter courses that run up the centerline of the roof in such a way that volunteers can work off each side of the centerline toward each edge of the house.  That way at least four crews of workers can work at any one time.  They’ve also started the porch roof and valley so that the valley shingles can be put in as a “weave” for good looks on the front.

To see the rest of this article and some great pictures, click here: Continue reading

Habitat Build Day Saturday June 9, 2007

Today was a good day despite the heat.  At least there was a breeze and there had been a light shower the night before to knock down the dust.   Today was paint day and siding day.   Some volunteers painted the interior with the first coat and others began putting on the siding. 

Picture of homeowner Joi

This is a picture of Joi, our future homeowner.

Always smiling.

 Click here for the slideshow of 44 pictures from today’s build, or click on Joi’s picture.

 This picture was taken during a break.  The background is the supply trailer.

In the slideshow there is a picture of a house being roofed.  That is not this house, but since I was not able to be on site when the roofing was going on, I thought I would put that in from a nearby house (taken this morning) to show what it looks like when volunteers are on the roof.  It is fun if done early enough in the morning, pure torture if done too late.

There is another picture of a house across the street, almost finished.  The rest are from this house and the industrious volunteers.    You can click at the link above the slideshow and view the individual pictures.   If you click on one you can select various sizes and download anything you want.   Enjoy!

When we arrived, the drywall was already in, ready for painting.   The electrical and the air conditioning is roughed in, but the only power on the site is from the temporary power pole, so there are power cords running everywhere and constantly being expanded on and moved around, shared even.

This is the first year that our volunteers have been allowed to use nail guns on the roofing and the first year we have used nail guns on the hardi-plank siding.  I’ve included pictures of some of the tools we have used this year, including the shears used to cut the hardi-plank and the lesser desired saw blade made for cutting the masonry boards.  The skill saw blade is noisy and a lot of silica dust is generated, calling for face masks and ear plugs.   The shears make almost no noise and create almost no dust.  It is very efficient even for difficult cuts around windows and doors, for example.   Here is a link to the manufacturer of the shears and a demo video.    Cost is about $220 for the 404.

Hardi-plank is a concrete base siding where multiple layers of fabric are embedded in concrete to make a durable “50 year” non flammable, tough, weather resistant siding made out of a concrete product.  It is flexible and fairly heavy, but easy to use. 

 If you have the shears, cutting is quick, simple and safe and there is almost no dust.   Another method is the score and snap method where you simply score a line on the siding with a box knife and then break it along the line by bending over an edge.  It can also be cut with a special skill saw blade with very few teeth (reduces the dust a little) and can be cut with a saber saw.   Some of the crew used the shears and some the skill saw and saber saw.   Long cuts and cross cuts with the skill saw.  Short cuts for electrical boxes and corner cuts around boxes are best left to the saber saw to clean out the corners.

We had been using vinyl siding all these years but so many local city and county governments have raised the bar on construction techniques that zoning in many areas have prohibited vinyl.  Beginning a couple of years ago, all Habitat houses in this area have gone to the cement fiber board – Hardi-plank.  It is a good change.   Vinyl can be cracked and a brush fire can melt or burn it.  We had one home where a tenat put a barbeque grill on a porch too close and the heat melted a wide area – it drooped and ran.

The only drawback is the Hardi-plank siding has to be caulked and painted, whereas the vinyl did not require those steps.  The paint is supposedly good for 15 years and the siding for 50.

It was a good day and the interior received its first coat of paint and we sided about 30 percent of the outside.   The nail gun was a great help.   One change from last year was the use of wood trim boards whereas we had used the masonry trim boards in the past.  Masonry trim boards are very dense, very thick, very heavy, and require pre drilling the material before putting it up.  Wood boards are much easier to work with.  Good choice.

Monday through Saturday of next week is blitz week for the Presbyterian Coalition volunteers.  6 straight days of home building.   More painting, more siding, interior door installation, trim work (baseboards for example).  Fascia installation and shingles above the front porch.  Little stuff mostly.

See you there?    Look for the Presbyterian Coalition link on the right for directions.   Work starts at 8 AM and finishes whenever it gets too hot or we reach a stopping place.  Today we knocked off at 3:30 and began cleaning up and putting away.

Note: There are links in previous posts to the Habitat “Dinner on the Slab” and to the first day of build, both slideshows and narrative description.   If you click on the link to the right “All Habitat for Humanity Articles.”   Or just look around.  You might find things that will suprise you.